Basketball Court Diagram – Layout, Dimensions, Markings, Etc

Last Updated on: 13th October 2023, 12:18 am

Welcome to the basketball court, where the game comes alive, and you become part of the action. Get ready to dribble, shoot, and score as we explore the ins and outs of the basketball court diagram.

We will guide you through the key elements of the court, from the free-throw line to the three-point line and everything in between.

So lace up your sneakers, grab your basketball, and dive into the exciting world of the basketball court.

basketball court layout

The Playing Area

The playing area is marked with boundaries and lines on the basketball court. These markings define the different sections and positions of the game.

You’ll see the midcourt line at the center of the court, which divides the court into two halves. On each half, a three-point line determines the distance from where players can score three points.

Near the baseline, the free-throw lane and the restricted area are two key areas. The free-throw lane is where players shoot free throws, and the restricted area helps determine charging fouls.

The sidelines and baselines outline the boundaries of the court. Understanding these markings is crucial for players to navigate the court effectively and play the game successfully.

Boundary Lines and Court Dimensions

You’ll need to know the specific measurements and markings to understand the hash mark, boundary lines, and court dimensions.

The rectangular basketball court size measures 94 feet long and 50 feet wide.

The playing area of the basketball court layout is divided into two halves by the midcourt line, and each half has a team’s basket at either end.

The baseline is the boundary line at the end of the court where the baskets are located, while the sideline is the boundary line on the sides.

The three-point line is a semicircular arc extending from the sidelines and 23 feet and 9 inches from the basket.

The free-throw line is 15 feet from the backboard, where players shoot free throws.

Understanding these measurements and markings will help you navigate the basketball court and play the game effectively.

Key Elements: Free Throw Line, Three-Point Line, and Paint

You must step up to the line and focus on your form when shooting free throws.

The free throw line is a crucial element of the basketball court. It’s located 15 feet away from the backboard and extends horizontally across the court. This line marks the spot from where players take their free throws. It’s 2 inches wide and painted in contrast to the rest of the court.

Position your feet behind the line and align your shooting arm with the basket when shooting. This will help you maintain balance and accuracy. Remember to bend your knees, extend your shooting arm, and follow through with your wrist to improve your chances of making the shot.

Practice this fundamental skill to become a more effective player on the court.

Court Markings and Additional Features

As you navigate the basketball court, take note of the various markings and features that help guide gameplay. These markings structure the game and help players understand their positioning and movements on the court. Here is a table highlighting some of the key court markings and features:

Center CircleLocated at the center of the court, it is used for the jump ball at the beginning of the game.
SidelineThe boundary lines at each end of the court determine the area behind the baskets.
BaselineThe boundary lines at each end of the court that determine the area behind the baskets.

In addition to these markings, you will also find the team benches, scorer’s table, hoop, and backboard in addition to these markings. These features contribute to the game’s overall atmosphere and enhance players’ and spectators’ sense of belonging.


In conclusion, the basketball court diagram provides a comprehensive visual representation of the playing area, boundary lines, court dimensions, and key elements such as the free throw line, three-point line, and paint.

It also includes various court markings and additional features. Like a blueprint for success, this diagram guides players, coaches, and fans, ensuring a fair and exciting game.

So lace up your sneakers and let the court be your canvas for basketball mastery.