Last Updated on: 22nd September 2023, 06:14 pm
What Is Traveling In Basketball?
Traveling in basketball is a violation when a player takes more than two steps without dribbling the ball. The rules regarding traveling can vary slightly depending on the level of play. Still, in general, a player can take two steps after gathering the ball and then pass, shoot, or dribble again before taking any additional steps.
If a player takes more than two steps without dribbling, it is considered travel, and the opposing team is awarded possession of the ball. Additionally, a player who catches the ball in the air and lands with both feet simultaneously is considered to have traveled.
Traveling is one of the most common violations in basketball, and referees are trained to watch for it closely. Players can avoid traveling by practicing good footwork and being aware of their movements on the court. Coaches can also help by emphasizing the importance of proper footwork and incorporating drills into practice that focus on footwork and ball handling.
Basketball Traveling Rules
In basketball, traveling is a violation when a player moves illegally with the ball. The rules regarding traveling can vary slightly depending on the level of play. Still, in general, a player can take two steps after gathering the ball and then pass, shoot, or dribble again before taking additional steps.
Here are some of the key rules regarding traveling in basketball:
- Two steps: After catching the ball, a player is allowed to take two steps before they must either pass, shoot, or dribble again. Travel is considered if a player takes more than two steps without dribbling.
- Pivot foot: When players catch the ball, they can pivot on one foot without it being considered a step. However, once the pivot foot is lifted, the player must pass, shoot, or dribble again before taking additional steps.
- Jump stop: A player can also come to a jump stop, which involves landing on both feet simultaneously after catching the ball. From there, the player can pivot on one foot or jump to shoot or pass, but they cannot take any additional steps.
- Layups and dunks: When players drive to the basket for a layup or dunk, they can take two steps before jumping off of one foot to shoot. This is known as a “gather step” and is not considered a travel.
- Traveling violations: Besides taking more than two steps without dribbling, other actions that can result in a traveling violation include dragging the pivot foot, shuffling the feet, or moving the pivot foot before releasing the ball.
Players need to practice good footwork and be aware of their movements on the court to avoid traveling violations. Referees are trained to watch for traveling closely, and players who violate the rules will have the ball turned over to the opposing team.
Historical Changes In Basketball Traveling Rules Over The Years
The definition of traveling in basketball has evolved as the game developed and different leagues established their rules. Here are some notable changes in the traveling rules throughout history:
- Early days of basketball: Initially, there were no set rules for player movement on the court, and referees had little guidance about what constituted a violation.
- Introduction of dribbling: Dribbling was not initially a part of basketball, but it was introduced in 1897 by the Yale University basketball team and eventually became an essential aspect of the game.
- NBA and FIBA rules: In the NBA and FIBA, a traveling violation is called when a player takes more than two steps without dribbling the ball. The NCAA and NFHS do not allow two steps.
- Gather step: In 2018, FIBA revised the traveling rule to include a “gather step” before taking the two steps, aligning it more closely with the NBA’s rules.
- Pivot foot: A travel can also be called if a player’s pivot foot changes or moves, which is considered traveling.
These changes have helped standardize the traveling rules across different leagues and organizations, making the game more consistent and easier for players, coaches, and fans to understand.